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COMMANDMENT LISTS/DECALOGUE

M.H. Shakir translation of the Qur’an and New Revised Standard Version of the Bible

 

Qur’an 17
Qur’an 6
Exodus 20
 

[6.151a] Say: Come I will recite what your Lord has forbidden to you--

1Then God spoke all these words:

2 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery;

(Deut. 5:6)

(1) [17.22] Do not associate with Allah any other god, lest you sit down despised, neglected. [17.23a] And your Lord has commanded that you shall not serve (any) but Him,

(1) [6.151b] (remember) that you do not associate anything with Him

(1)3you shall have no other gods before* me.

(Deut. 5:7)
 
 

(2) 4 You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, 6but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation* of those who love me and keep my commandments.

(Deut. 5:8-10)
 
 

(3) 7 You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.

(Deut. 5:11)
 
 

(4) 8 Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. 9For six days you shall labour and do all your work. 10But the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work—you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. 11For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.

(Deut. 5:12-15)

(2) [17.23b] and goodness to your parents. If either or both of them reach old age with you, say not to them (so much as) "Ugh" nor chide them, and speak to them a generous word.
[17.24] And make yourself submissively gentle to them with compassion, and say: O my Lord! have compassion on them, as they brought me up (when I was) little.
[17.25] Your Lord knows best what is in your minds; if you are good, then He is surely Forgiving to those who turn (to Him) frequently.

(2) [6.151c] and show kindness to your parents,

(5) 12 Honour your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

(Deut. 5:16)

(3) [17.26] And give to the near of kin his due and (to) the needy and the wayfarer, and do not squander wastefully.
[17.27] Surely the squanderers are the fellows of the Shaitans and the Shaitan is ever ungrateful to his Lord.
[17.28] And if you turn away from them to seek mercy from your Lord, which you hope for, speak to them a gentle word.
[17.29] And do not make your hand to be shackled to your neck nor stretch it forth to the utmost (limit) of its stretching forth, lest you should (afterwards) sit down blamed, stripped off.
[17.30] Surely your Lord makes plentiful the means of subsistence for whom He pleases and He straitens (them); surely He is ever Aware of, Seeing, His servants.

 
 
 
 
(6) 15 You shall not steal.
(Deut. 5:19)

(4) [17.31] And do not kill your children for fear of poverty; We give them sustenance and yourselves (too); surely to kill them is a great wrong.

(3) [6.151d] and do not slay your children for (fear of) poverty-- We provide for you and for them--

 

(5) [17.32] And go not nigh to fornication; surely it is an indecency and an evil way.

(4) [6.151e] and do not draw nigh to indecencies, those of them which are apparent and those which are concealed,

(7) 14 You shall not commit adultery.

(Deut. 5:18)

(6) [17.33] And do not kill any one whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause, and whoever is slain unjustly, We have indeed given to his heir authority, so let him not exceed the just limits in slaying; surely he is aided.

(5) [6.151f] and do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden except for the requirements of justice; this He has enjoined you with that you may understand.

(8) 13 You shall not murder.*
(Deut. 5:17)

(7) [17.34] And draw not near to the property of the orphan except in a goodly way till he attains his maturity and fulfill the promise; surely (every) promise shall be questioned about.

(6) [6.152a] And do not approach the property of the orphan except in the best manner until he attains his maturity,

 

(8) [17.35] And give full measure when you measure out, and weigh with a true balance; this is fair and better in the end.

(7) [6.152b] and give full measure and weight with justice-- We do not impose on any soul a duty except to the extent of its ability;

 

(9) [17.36] And follow not that of which you have not the knowledge; surely the hearing and the sight and the heart, all of these, shall be questioned about that.

 

(9) 16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.

(Deut. 5:20)

(10) [17.37] And do not go about in the land exultingly, for you cannot cut through the earth nor reach the mountains in height.

 
 
 

(8) [6.152c] and when you speak, then be just though it be (against) a relative,

(9) 16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.

(Deut. 5:20)
 

(9) [6.152d] and fulfill Allah's covenant; this He has enjoined you with that you may be mindful;

 
 
 

(10) 17 You shall not covet your neighbour’s house; you shall not covet your neighbour’s wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbour.

(Deut. 5:21)
 

(10) [6.153] And (know) that this is My path, the right one therefore follow it, and follow not (other) ways, for they will lead you away from His way; this He has enjoined you with that you may guard (against evil).

 

[17.38] All this-- the evil of it-- is hateful in the sight of your Lord.

 
 

[17.39] This is of what your Lord has revealed to you of wisdom, and do not associate any other god with Allah lest you should be thrown into hell, blamed, cast away.

 
 
 

 

Note: Further commandment lists are found in Qur’an 2:83, 4:36, 60:12, and 7:33 (Dr. Joseph E. Lowry in a paper presented at the 5th Biennial Conference on the Qur’an, November 2007, in London).

 On the Qur’an and the Decalogue, see, most recently, “O People of the Scripture! Come to a Word Common to You and Us (Q. 3:64): The Ten Commandments and the Qur’an”, Journal of Qur’anic Studies 9.1:28-58.

 

 

 
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