The Quranic narrative is based on Yusuf Ali’s English translation of the Holy Qur’an, while the biblical narrative is based on the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible.
Bible – Genesis – NRSV

1:1 In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth,


1:2 the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters.


1:3 Then God said, "Let there be light"; and there was light. 4 And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

1:6 And God said, "Let there be a dome in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters." 7 So God made the dome and separated the waters that were under the dome from the waters that were above the dome. And it was so.

8 God called the dome Sky. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.


9 And God said, "Let the waters under the sky be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear." And it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

Qur’an – Yusuf ‘Ali
16: 3a He has created the heavens and the earth for just ends:

3: 190 Behold! in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day,- there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.

21:16 Not for (idle) sport did We create the heavens and the earth and all that is between!

46:3 We created not the heavens and the earth and all between them but for just ends, and for a Term Appointed: But those who reject Faith turn away from that whereof they are warned.


11:7a He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six Days - and His Throne was over the waters - that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct.


16:12a He has made subject to you the Night and the Day;

10:6 Verily, in the alternation of the night and the day, and in all that Allah hath created, in the heavens and the earth, are signs for those who fear Him.


21:30, 32a Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? . . .And We have made the heavens as a canopy well guarded.

2:29 It is He Who hath created for you all things that are on earth; Moreover His design comprehended the heavens, for He gave order and perfection to the seven firmaments; and of all things He hath perfect knowledge.

27:61 Or, Who has made the earth firm to live in; made rivers in its midst; set thereon mountains immovable; and made a separating bar between the two bodies of flowing water? (can there be another) god besides Allah. Nay, most of them know not.

32:7a He Who has made everything which He has created most good


Compare 2:117, 6:73,101, 14:19, 39:5, 64:3.

Compare 2:164, 29:44.
For the plural form “we”, compare, inter alia, 23:15, 38:27, 44:38. (See also Gen. 1:26f.).

For the set term of creation, compare 15:85, 30:8, 45:22.

On the throne of God, compare 2:255, 7:54, 10:3, 29:59, 32:4, 57:4. (See also Ezek. 1:26, Dan. 7:9, Mt. 5:34, Rev. 4:2).

Compare 25:47, 27:86, 28:71ff., 40:61, 78:10f.

Compare 3:190 above; also, more remotely, 2:164, 10:67, 13:3, 17:12, 30:23.

Compare 50:6, 79:29.

For the creation of the seven heavens, compare 13:2, 23:17, 41:12, 65:12, 67:3, 71:15, 78:12. The seven heavens in antiquity were based on the five planets observable by the naked eye, plus the sun and the moon, each believed to indicate a sphere of heaven.

In ancient three tiered conceptions of the cosmos, the waters below the above the earth were separated from the waters of the ocean and the waters under the earth (see Gen. 1:6-7). In 25:53, the separation is between sweet and salt water.

Compare 13:3, 16:14f., 51:48, 55:19f., 71:19, 78:6f., 79:30f., 91:6.


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